When designing enterprise software, prioritize business goals and long-term viability by choosing these business-oriented stack options.
Enterprise software has its own special set of priorities. The architecture needs to be scalable but cost-effective, secure yet user-friendly, and above all should deliver the kind of high-quality user experience that gets results.
Trying to balance business pressures with technical realities can be a challenge for even experienced developers.
What gives those experienced developers the edge is knowing the best tools for the job.
Every technology has distinct advantages and limitations; using ones whose strengths play into those enterprise priorities leads to superior software.
Here are some of the best back- and front-end technologies around for building powerful enterprise software.
Having a single language across the stack breaks down communication barriers among the team and makes for more easily maintainable software.
Built on Chrome’s v8 engine, Node features non-blocking IO.
It can handle multiple requests simultaneously, meaning apps scale better, run faster, and take up less system RAM.
The Node Package Manager (NPM) is one of Node’s biggest draws. It houses an expansive repository of packages created and tested by other developers, that’s growing every day.
The continued value offered by Microsoft’s .NET is a compelling argument for using mature technology over tools which are “cooler” but less tested.
This open source cross-platform development platform is used to build, deploy, and run modern Windows applications across devices and environments.
Technically, .NET has a lot to offer. It’s easy to write and maintain, which both contribute to lower development costs.
Developers have plenty of tools for building in security from the start. Plus, .NET lends itself well to horizontal scaling.
That combination of value and enterprise features is what’s kept .NET popular even as newer tools are released.
Despite being developed back in 1994, PHP is still the most common language for server-side development. About 79% of all websites use at least some PHP.
PHP’s popularity is due in part to budget concerns. It’s open source, and all features and updates are free to use.
Since it was designed specifically for the web, developers need less time to create websites with dynamic features.
Open source tools and shorter development cycles translate into a smaller upfront investment.
The other half of PHP’s appeal is ease of use. One of its core strengths is powering database-enabled websites with intuitive content management systems (CMS) that can be managed by non-technical employees.
Employees are able to update and query their own system without having to do more than a short tutorial.
As of 2018 Python is the fastest-growing programming language out there. It emphasizes clarity, simplicity, and versatility, putting developers in the best position for high productivity.
The fast edit-test-debug cycle makes it useful for Rapid Application Development, too.
What’s really fueling enterprise growth is Python’s data science applications. Companies that want to stay competitive need to make the most of their data.
As a flexible, high level programming language, Python can create the machine learning tools and analytics software to help turn that data into actionable business insight.
Front End Technologies
In a mobile market where companies have to balance development speed, platform coverage, and budget, it’s easy to see why ReactNative is gaining ground.
Apps look and feel like native apps because they render like native apps.
Besides providing near-native performance, ReactNative has the same economical appeal as hybrid apps.
Developers can build one app, then tailor it to cover multiple devices with only minor changes.
Maintaining that single code base is both easier and less expensive than juggling a collection of separate native apps.
Angular, part of the enterprise-oriented MEAN stack, is a flexible tool for building organized mobile and web apps.
It focuses on simplicity as well as ease of testing and construction.
The newer versions come with a variety of “starter seeds” for different purposes, and there are in general a lot of ways to do the same thing.
That gives developers the flexibility to design exactly what they need. Privacy-conscious customers also like that Angular is optimized for security.
Angular is suited to CRUD client-side apps, though Single Page Apps (SPAs) are the most popular applications right now (especially those that require a lot of data retrieval).
Plus, as a Google property it’s a solid choice for projects which rely heavily on other Google technologies.
Vue can be used to add interactive elements to an existing project or expand a page’s functionality instead of building a whole new SPA.
Progressive Web Apps (PWAs) are a common Vue application.
Although it isn’t a complete framework like React or Angular, it shares benefits like faster development and lower costs.
In addition, Vue’s small size and lazy loading of components gives it an edge in speed.
It’s a perfect example of a tool that does a few things well rather than dividing its focus across a huge feature set.
Building a Business-focused Stack
While these are all enterprise-friendly stack options, keep in mind that there’s no magic technology that fits every business plan.
Each project has unique priorities.
Sometimes performance is the overriding concern. Sometimes it’s more important to cover as many platforms as possible in the least amount of time.
Be sure to choose stack technology that supports the client’s business goals. It may take more consideration up front, but it’s the best way to avoid the hassle of being stuck with an ill-fitting stack.