Enterprises are adopting open source technologies more than ever. According to the 2015 Future of Open Source Survey from Black Duck Software and North Bridge, almost 80 percent of respondents said their firms use open source software (OSS) to run all or a portion of their operations. Here are some of the best open source web development tools.
Notepad++ has long been a favorite selection for Windows developers. A text and source code editor, it offers syntax folding and highlighting over 50 programming languages. It also features multi-document view, Perl Compatible Regular Expression (PCRE) search and replace, auto completion, function parameter hint and more.
A CSS pre-processor, LESS has a similar syntax to CSS itself. Developed by Alexis Sellier, LESS helps you make CSS more extendable and maintainable with a full feature set including functions, variables and mixins. It can be used on the command line as a script file for a browser or inside a number of third-party tools.
MongoDB is a popular document-oriented database. With the ability to work across multiple platforms, it uses documents with dynamic schemas for rapid data integration. Related data is kept together for faster access. MongoDB lets you start forming data records without knowing the data fields or values beforehand, which is ideal for arrays, hierarchical relationships and other complicated data structures—documents aren’t required to have the same fields. It also comes with built-in auto-sharding and replication.
Originally developed at Facebook by Avinash Lakshman and Prashant Malik, Cassandra was created to handle extreme workloads with an emphasis on throughput over consistency. In contrast, HBase was built to maximize the consistency of writes and reads. For that reason, Cassandra is better suited for operational applications you might be developing including product catalogs, time series and recommendations.
It’s an exciting time for open source software, as new frameworks and platforms constantly emerge to address new challenges in enterprise computing. As IT demands change, better and more sophisticated open source tools for web developers are created to overcome obstacles and make programming easier.
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